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How To Calculate Personal Tax Allowance in the UK for 2024/25?



How To Calculate Personal Tax Allowance in the UK for 2024/25?

How To Calculate Personal Tax Allowance in the UK for 2024/25. If you are a resident of Britain, including students, you have a Personal Allowance. This is the maximum income you can earn in a tax year before facing income tax obligations. For the 2023–2024 tax year, the Personal Allowance stands at £12,570, and you typically won’t incur income tax if your earnings fall below this threshold.

Personal Allowance

Various factors can influence your Personal Allowance. If you receive Blind Person’s Allowance or Marital Allowance, your allowance may increase. Conversely, outstanding taxes from previous years or high earnings can lower your allowance. The £12,570 threshold decreases by £1 for every £2 earned over £100,000, with no tax-free allowance if earnings exceed £125,000.

Understanding Personal Tax Allowance in the UK

Significance of Personal Allowance

The personal allowance is a key tax benefit for most UK residents, reducing the taxable income subject to income tax. Even income not subject to taxation due to personal allowances remains within the taxable framework.

Impact on Income Tax Calculation

Deducting the personal allowance from your income can potentially exempt a portion from income tax. Understanding the intricacies of Personal Tax Allowance is crucial for optimizing your tax liabilities.

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UK Income Tax Rates 2023/24

To provide context, let’s outline the income tax rates applicable in the UK for the 2023/24 tax year:

  • Personal Allowance: 0% tax on earnings up to £12,570.
  • Basic Rate: 20% tax on earnings between £12,571 and £50,270.
  • Higher Rate: 40% tax on earnings between £50,271 and £125,139.
  • Additional Rate: 45% tax on earnings over £125,140.

Update for the 2023/2024 Tax Year

As of the current tax year, the tax-free Personal Allowance remains at £12,570. The UK Government plans to maintain this allowance until April 2026, aligning with the previous tax year.

Income Tax Exemption

Earnings up to the £12,570 threshold are exempt from income tax, with taxation applying to income beyond this point. The tax year 2023–2024 spans from April 6, 2023, to April 5, 2024.

Personal Tax Allowance 2023/24 | Income Tax Considerations

Allowance Reduction and Tax Bill Adjustment

For individuals exceeding the income threshold, Personal Allowance decreases by £1 for every £2 earned above the threshold, up to £0. The Marriage Allowance provides a 20% tax bill reduction for eligible individuals.

Income Taxable Components

Various income sources are subject to income tax, including earnings for business owners, dividends, interest from investments, savings, and rental income for landlords. Multiple allowances may offset taxable income, allowing individuals to earn a certain amount without incurring taxes.

Personal Allowance Pound 12,570 Pound 12,570
Income threshold for Personal Allowance Pound 100,000 Pound 100,000
Marriage Allowance Pound 1,260 Pound 1,260
Personal Savings Allowance Pound 1,000 / Pound 500 / Pound 0 Pound 1,000 / Pound 500 / Pound 0
Dividend Tax Allowance Pound 1,000 Pound 2,000


The intricacies of Personal Tax Allowance in the UK is vital for optimizing your tax obligations. Understanding the allowances, thresholds, and exemptions empowers individuals to make informed financial decisions for the fiscal year 2024/25 and beyond.

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